If we compare the human body to a block of offices working together in an organized yet complex manner, the brain would be the ‘control centre’ on the top floor, and the spinal cord would be the lift connecting the offices on each floor to the control centre.
In the body, the spinal cord transmits sensory and motor information between the brain and the body’s muscles and joints. It also helps regulate the function of numerous internal organs.
The brain receives, organizes, and sends data continually via the spinal cord, allowing effective interaction between people and their surroundings. The information is transmitted by nerve pathways or bundles via ‘cables’ that are grouped and organized in the spinal cord.
If the spinal cord is injured, the transfer of information is interrupted. There is a loss or impairment in sensitivity, mobility, and the regulatory function of the autonomic nervous system (involved in respiration, urinary function, sexual capacity, etc.).